Millerand, Alexandre

(1859-1943)
   political figure
   Born in Paris, where he was also educated, Alexandre Millerand worked with georges Clemenceau in editing and publishing the newspaper La Justice. He served as a Radical Party deputy (1885-89) before becoming a socialist and affirming the need for the socialization of the means of production (1896). Minister of commerce and industry in the pierre waldeck-rousseau cabinet (1899-1902), he continued to support the passage of several social welfare laws. Nonetheless, his participation as the first socialist in a bourgeois government was strongly criticized by the majority of socialists (in particular jules guesde). As a consequence, Millerand more and more distanced himself from the party, especially after the founding of the unified socialist Party in 1905. Minister of public works (1909-10) under aristide briand and of war under Raymond poincaré, he helped, during World War I, to form the conservative bloc national, maintain the union sacrée, uphold the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles, and defend private property. After the war, he served in strasbourg as commissioner general in charge of supervising the return of the Alsace region to France. He also served as president of the Council (January-September 1920) and as president of the republic (1920-24), then resigned after the triumph of the left-wing coalition (Cartel des gauches) in the 1924 elections. Millerand was named to the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences in 1918.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Millerand, Alexandre — born Feb. 10, 1859, Paris, France died April 7, 1943, Versailles French politician. He was an editor of socialist journals (1883–98) and served in the Chamber of Deputies from 1885 to 1920. He implemented reforms while serving in various… …   Universalium

  • Millerand, Alexandre — ► (1859 1943) Político socialista francés. Fue presidente de la República en 1920 24. * * * (10 feb. 1859, París, Francia–7 abr. 1943, Versalles). Político francés. Fue editor de periódicos socialistas (1883–98) y miembro de la Cámara de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Millerand — Millerand, Alexandre …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alexandre Millerand — Alexandre Millerand, en 1918. Mandats …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Millerand — Alexandre Millerand Portrait von 1918 Alexandre Millerand (* 10. Februar 1859 in Paris; † …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexandre Millerand — Alexandre Millerand …   Wikipedia Español

  • MILLERAND (A.) — MILLERAND ALEXANDRE (1859 1943) Avocat à Paris, Millerand collabore au journal La Justice de Georges Clemenceau; élu député de la Seine en 1885, il évolue rapidement vers le socialisme. Il refuse cependant de s’affilier à l’un des partis se… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Alexandre Millerand — Infobox President honorific prefix = name = Alexandre Millerand honorific suffix = caption = Millerand circa 1918 order2 = 86th Prime Minister of France term start2 = 20 January 1920 term end2 = 24 September 1920 president2 = Raymond Poincare… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexandre — (as used in expressions) Balmain Pierre Alexandre Claudius Beauharnais Alexandre viscount de Benois Alexandre Nikolayevich Alexandre César Léopold Bizet Calonne Charles Alexandre de Dumas Alexandre Eugène Alexandre Péréthon Ledru Rollin Alexandre …   Universalium

  • Alexandre — (as used in expressions) Alexandre, Libro de Balmain, Pierre (Alexandre Claudius) Beauharnais, Alexandre, vizconde de Alexandre César Léopold Bizet Calonne, Charles Alexandre de Dumas, Alexandre Eugène Alexandre Péréthon Ledru Rollin, Alexandre… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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